The Central Government of Ethiopia faces a critical choice. Should it continue to fight the insurgents or surrender to them? A failed military effort would leave a diminished Amhara political force pursuing armed resistance. The choice between defeat and bloody disintegration is a grim one. But a successful military campaign would not be without risks. Here is what we know about the recent events in Ethiopia.
The peaceful solution is out of the table
In a rare move, Ethiopias two largest rebel groups have linked up on the front line some 230 miles north of the capital, and both spokesmen say a peaceful solution is off the table. The government of Addis Ababa declared a six-month state of emergency on Tuesday, urging residents to register their weapons and safeguard their neighborhoods. And despite widespread protests and calls for a ceasefire, no one believes the country will remain peaceful.
Massive allegations of brutality against civilians
A report released by the United Nations and the Ethiopian state-appointed human rights organization detailed the brutality against civilians. Though the report was limited by access to the conflict area, it documents the volleys of recriminations that have fueled this war. Meanwhile, independent human rights organizations have documented dozens of atrocities and rampant hate speech. The resulting conflict has claimed thousands of lives and spawned one of the largest humanitarian crises in history.
There are political motives in protecting the arms market
In Ethiopia, weapons from the UNs Big Powers are fueling the conflict. Moreover, the five permanent members of the UN Security Council have consistently vetoed any attempts to resolve ongoing conflicts in Ethiopia. They have a political motivation to protect their arms markets. Ultimately, the resulting conflict is a monumental humanitarian disaster, causing displacement of up to two million people.
There are allegations of genocide
The war in Ethiopia has lasted for over 12 months and is largely unjustified. There are two main factions in the country: the Ethiopian National Defense Forces (EDF) and the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front. The conflict has resulted in a civil war that has resulted in a large number of civilian casualties. The TPLF, as the prime minister, has also accused the other parties of genocide.
The current crisis is the result of ongoing tensions
The current crisis in Ethiopia is a result of ongoing tension between the federal government and regional state units. The TPLF is a political party and zealously pursues autonomy. During the last month, they organized elections in the regional parliament in Tigray, which has a powerful role in the federal government. However, the TPLF then decided to attack the federal army base to steal arms. Thus, a military confrontation ensued.
The conflict in Ethiopia is caused by weapons from UNs Big-Powers. The weapons have been used to make the war worse. The two sides have been using weapons to commit ethnic cleansing. The government in Ethiopia has been accused of war crimes. While rape has been used as a weapon, it has become a major cause of death and displacement. The situation in Ethiopia has been exacerbated by the United Nations.